Artist Biography

1884 - 1957

Leonora Naylor was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota on April 2, 1884. She moved to Chicago with her family in 1897. She attended the University of Chicago where her father was a member of the faculty. While there she studied art with Emma Siboni and her drawings were chosen to be exhibited at the Paris Int'l Expo. In 1906 she went to Santa Cruz, California to visit an aunt. While there, she met Harry Penniman and married him in 1907. Throughout her marriage she was an active partner in the Penniman Title Company. She was a founding member of the Santa Cruz Art League and responsible for inaugurating the series of statewide exhibitions there. She later spent one summer of study at Mills College under Lyonel Feininger; thereafter, criticism by Armin Hansen put the finishing touches on her art training. Mrs. Penniman and her constant painting companions, Margaret Rogers and Cor DeGavere, were known as the "Santa Cruz Three." Primarily a watercolorist, she also taught china painting to small groups of women until her death in Santa Cruz on April 7, 1957. Member: San Francisco Women Artists; Women Painters of the West; Bay Region Art Ass'n (Oakland). Exhibited: Santa Cruz Art League, 1928 (honorable mention), 1935; League of American Pen Women, 1931, 1935 (first prizes); Chicago, 1933 (honorable mention); Oakland Art Gallery, 1933-34; Pasadena Art Institute, 1933; Stanford University, 1933; De Young Museum, 1933; Berkeley Art Gallery; Claremont Hotel (Berkeley); Haggin Gallery, Stockton (solo); Crocker Gallery, Sacramento (solo).

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